Close Quarters Combat (CQC)

 

“Consistent self-discipline and self-control
develops greatness of character”

S1 Firearms & CQC (Close Quarters Combat) Training

Close Quarters Combat

As crime and criminals get more and more sophisticated, they more often than ever, go after business-men, political figures, movie stars, companies & firms; executives and other Very Important People. The criminals’ objective can be to get ransom, change political balance, rob, make a name for themselves, get revenge or other reasons that can result in the injury or death of the VIP. Today, more than ever before, the professional VIP Protector is needed to ensure the safety of those under threat anywhere on the globe.

As a retired New Jersey State Trooper TEAMS Member and now an active LEO & Private security firearms and CQC instructor, I feel the best way to prepare for a Close-Quarter Combat (Physical distance of two arms length) situation is to keep things simple and don’t over –complicate the process, because history has shown us that simplicity works best. Trying to invent a technique for each possible situation is simply impossible to do. Compare the Hick Hyman Law- Essentially the more choices a human has to a particular stimulus, the longer his overall response time will be. Find a general movement that deals with many variations of an attack. (300 Rule) If you train learning 300 strategies and defensive techniques for 300 different types of combative attacks, the moment you walk out the door you will probably encounter the 301 combative attack you never trained for.

close-quarters-combat2

The first thing you need to understand: The Firearm is NOT the solution to every confrontation, even if deadly force is justified. When your confines are The Hole, introducing a gun may result in the suspect seizing it and using it against you. My opinion – based solely on personal experience – is that when confronted at double-arm’s length, you need simple-to-perform (but quite effective) hand-to-hand combat techniques, such as knee, elbow, palm-heel, forearm and head-butt strikes. Unfortunately, these skills are being replaced with more complicated subject-control techniques, such as wristlocks, pressure points, grappling and arm-bar takedowns. This is regrettable, because to disengage and create the space needed to employ a firearm, you must make aggressive strikes to soft parts of the body.

In addition, note these three points:

  • You cannot draw a holstered pistol against a weapon that is already drawn;
  • Action will always beat reaction unless you do something to distract the attacker and move off line.
  • If a gun or knife is already in play, the weapon must be the focus of the attack, not the individual.

If you can deflect the weapon, then maybe, just maybe, you can bring your sidearm into the fight. But this assumes the officer has solid holster skills. Many officers currently walking the street can’t draw their handgun from their threat-level 2, 3 or 4 security holster in less than five seconds, which makes bringing it into play in such a situation doubtful. Yes, weapon retention is important, but not at the expense of being able to deploy your best weapon quickly when needed.

Close-Quarters Combat (CQC) Training is a series of movements designed to assist in visualization, muscle-memory, balance, target selection and tactical flow. It is used to develop and refine fundamental close quarter tools. A real street fight won’t follow this sequence exactly but will include elements of the form.

Close-quarter confrontations will occur within double-arm’s length and may involve multiple suspects. This range scenario simulates such a confrontation. Over the past 7 years, I’ve thought a lot about how Executive Protection Specialist, Law Enforcement or Private Security should prepare for extreme close-quarter shooting situations. I’ve researched what’s being accomplished in this area across the country, I’m also a product of my own experience, and I can’t help but compare methods currently being taught to what I’ve gone through first-hand. After three decades of Law Enforcement and Executive Protection, much of it in assignments as a Road and patrol Trooper, TEAMS UNIT (Technical Emergency & Missions Specialist), I have a fair amount of personal experience to draw from- something I find lacking in some of the instruction and researchers currently establishing training doctrine and trends.

Through my personal experience growing up wrestling, grappling, martial arts and then a career as a LEO Firearms and defensive tactics instructor, I’ve decided the best way to prepare for a close-quarter shooting situation is to keep things simple and don’t over-complicate the process, because history has shown that simplicity works best. Trying to invent a technique for each possible situation (300 Rule) is tempting, but we all know this is impossible. And, considering the majority of police officers will train/practice only when they’re scheduled for in-service training, it makes sense to follow the KISS principle: Keep It Simple Stupid.

OUR CQC TRAINING PROGRAM

Close Quarters Combat

CLOSE QUARTERS COMBAT SHOOTING (Live fire, airsoft and simunitions training)

When it comes to (CQC) Close Quarters combat in the real world, there is a Internationally and world renown defensive tactics system that is now used by thousands of military, LEO, corrections and private security organizations across the world providing real-world effectiveness and defensible applications of reasonable force.

KRAV MAGA

Krav Maga can be roughly translated to mean “Close Quarter Fighting” in Hebrew. It is a highly effective defensive tactics system and is not considered a Martial Art. It utilizes a combination of strikes, grapples, throws, locks and holds. Krav Maga was developed in Czechoslovakia in the 1930’s by Imi Lichtenfeld. After the nation of Israel was born, Krav Maga was adapted and further developed by the Israeli security forces.

At S1 Executive Protection and Training, we base our CQC training and instruction on real world scenarios, implementing CQC firearms, airsoft or simunitions with the basics principals and fundamentals of Krav Maga. Krav Maga is quick, effective and both easily learned and retained. Because the system is based upon common principals and natural/instinctive movements, officers retain Krav maga techniques with minimal review and practice. CQC is also just not for Law Enforcement or Security Personnel, it’s design was originated for the average citizen as a defensive system or mechanism when being attacked. So we at S1Executive Protection Services & Training invite anyone to attend our training sessions.

Close Quarters Combat

CQC CURRICULUM:

  • Fitness, stamina and power test (Obstacle challenge course)
  • CQC firearms training (shooting from the hip)
  • Self-Defense strategies
  • punches | strikes
  • kicks from the guard
  • 360-degree defense tactics
  • Weapon Retention (in the holster, out of the holster, standing and on the ground)
  • Defenses Against Handgun Threats
  • Defenses Against Edged Weapon Threats and Attacks (to include improvised edged weapon defenses)
  • Defenses Against Blunt Weapon Attacks (sticks/pipes/impact weapons)
  • Defenses Against Long-Gun Threats
  • Weapon Takeaways
  • Long-Gun Retention
  • falls | rolls
  • grab counters
  • sweeps | throws | chokes
  • working in the guard
  • joint locks | kicks
  • third-party protection
  • the Z lock
  • tai sabaki (body movement)
  • vital-point attacks

Close Quarters Combatreal-world scenario simulationsClose quarters fighting in Krav Maga is about using simple, direct movements to neutralize an opponent quickly. It is a fighting style developed on the streets and perfected on the battlefield. There is no sporting federation or points system involved. Groin strikes, joint breaks, eye jabs are all legitimate close quarters fighting techniques that can be learned and used in Krav Maga.

Close quarters defense in Krav Maga is reliant on several factors. Technique is of course essential but so is awareness, discipline and aggressiveness. Unlike many martial arts that are embodied with a non-violent code, aggressiveness is vital in it. Close quarters fighting in Krav Maga is about ending an encounter quickly and when necessary, brutally.

Discipline is key because without it is impossible to master Krav Maga; and awareness is key because it allows you to head off or avoid conflicts before they arise. In worse case scenarios, awareness can help you determine when it may be necessary to launch a preemptive strike.

The training is meant to be realistic in nature and to prepare students in the event they should find themselves in a close quarter encounter with an assailant. Many of the techniques used in Krav Maga are popular with mixed martial arts competitors for their effectiveness in bringing down an opponent.

Krav Maga is quick, effective and both easily learned and retained. Krav Maga emerged in an environment where extreme violence, mostly of a political nature, was common. It has had ample opportunity to be tested and improved under real-life conditions. No defensive tactics system in the world is more street and battle-tested than Krav Maga.

According to law enforcement instructors who have undergone Krav Maga training, the most important and striking characteristics of the system are:

Retention of training

Because the system is based upon common principles and natural/instinctive movements, officers retain Krav Maga techniques with minimal review and practice.

Practical techniques

Krav Maga emphasizes effectiveness and simplicity. This street system provides realistic defenses against a variety of aggressive attacks, whether the assailant is armed or unarmed.

Performance under stress

Krav Maga’s unique, reality-based training is designed to improve the officer’s emotional and physical response to danger. These methods develop the ability to recognize danger at the earliest stages, react without hesitation, and escalate and de-escalate with the appropriate level(s) of force.

Use-of-force issues

Krav Maga enables officers to deal with the most violent offenders they encounter, while remaining acutely aware of reasonable use-of-force and civil liability issues facing law enforcement.

Explanation and Principles

Krav Maga is a simple, aggressive and easy-to-learn system of self defense. It is the main self-defense system taught at the Fighting Fit since 2001. Training focuses on principles rather than techniques because no two attacks are ever the same.

Among the principles that make up the Krav Maga system are:

  • Techniques should be movements based on natural instincts;
  • Techniques must address the immediate danger;
  • Techniques must defend and counterattack simultaneously;
  • One defense must work against a variety of attacks;
  • The system should be integrated so that movements learned in one area of the system complement, rather than contradict, movements in another area;
  • Techniques must be useable by the average person, not just athletes;
  • Techniques must work from a disadvantageous position;
  • Training must include the stress experienced in real attacks.

Krav Maga is always fluid in that new and alternative techniques are constantly being developed and integrated under these core principles.